kind


kind
1 /kaInd/ noun
1 (C) a type or sort or person or thing
(+ of): What kind of fish is this? | Are you in some kind of trouble? | victimization of the worst kind | all kinds of: They sell all kinds of different things. | of this kind: Operations of this kind always carry risks. | of its kind: the best wine of its kind
2 kind of also kinda AmE spoken
a) slightly or in some ways: I'm kind of glad I didn't win.
b) used when you are explaining something and want to avoid giving the details: I kind of made it look like the post office had lost his letter.
3 a kind of (a) especially spoken used to say that your description of something is not exact: a kind of a reddish-brown
4 something of the/that kind spoken something similar to what has been mentioned: "Are you sure he was wearing jeans?" "Well, something of the kind."
5 nothing/anything of the kind used to emphasize what you are saying when you disagree with someone: I never said anything of the kind!
6 (U) people or things that are similar in some way or belong to the same group: sb's (own) kind: Grace only made friends among her own kind.
7 be the kind to be a person of a particular type: She may not be the marrying kind. | be the kind to do sth: He's not the kind to get excited about money.
8 two/three etc of a kind two or three people or things that are of the same type: You and your brother are two of a kind.
9 one of a kind the only one of a particular type of something; unique: Each plate is handpainted and one of a kind.
10 of a kind used to say that something is not as good as it should be: Elections of a kind are held, but there is only one party to vote for.
11 payment in kind a method of paying someone with goods or services instead of money
12 respond/retaliate etc in kind to react by doing the same thing as someone else has just done: If other papers cut their prices, we'll have to respond in kind.
USAGE NOTE: KIND FORMALITY Remember that would you be kind enough to/would you be so kind as to...? are formally polite. When you are speaking or writing informally they may sound unfriendly and it would be better to say, for example: Please could you .../Could you possibly...? On the other hand, kind of and sort of meaning that something is uncertain or partly true (mainly before adjectives and verbs) are used only in informal contexts: I kinda like that color. | "Did he help you?" "Well, kind of" (=not as much as I hoped). In very informal speech you sometimes use kind of and sort of to make a serious statement sound weaker or amusing: He sort of came up to me and pushed me. So I kind of hit him in the face. Some people do not consider this to be good English. GRAMMAR Kind(s) of or sort(s) of is regularly used in the singular or plural before singular and uncountable nouns: one kind of flower/person/bread | many kinds of car/person/cheese/attraction | several sorts of paint The plural kinds of/sorts of is also used before plural nouns in more informal English: these/many kinds of flowers/programs/people (but NOT this kind/sort of programs, though you can more formally say programs of this kind/sort). Remember that whether kind or sort itself is singular or plural also relates to the word used just before: this/one/each/every kind of... | another sort of cheese but you say these/ten/many/all/a few kinds of ... | in other kinds of school | shops of all sorts. In informal spoken English people do say things like: Those kind/sort of questions are very difficult, but some people think this is incorrect. 2 adjective
1 saying or doing things that show that you care about other people and want to help them or make them happy: It's really kind of you to let us use your pool. | Ms Jarvis is unable to accept your kind invitation.
(+ to): He's been very kind to me. -see kindly 2
2 not causing harm or suffering: Life has been very kind to me. | I need a soap that's kinder to my skin.
3 would you be kind enough to do sth/be so kind as to do sth formal used to make a polite request: Would you be kind enough to close the door, please?
-opposite unkind, -see also: kindly 2, kindness

Longman dictionary of contemporary English. 2004.

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  • kind — Ⅰ. kind [1] ► NOUN 1) a class or type of people or things having similar characteristics. 2) character; nature. 3) each of the elements (bread and wine) of the Eucharist. ● in kind Cf. ↑in kind …   English terms dictionary

  • kind — [kīnd] n. [ME kynd < OE cynd, akin to Ger kind, child, ON kundr, son < IE * ĝṇti (> L natio, NATION) < base * ĝen : see GENUS] 1. Archaic a) origin b) nature c) manner; way …   English World dictionary

  • Kind — Kind, n. [OE. kinde, cunde, AS. cynd. See {Kind}, a.] 1. Nature; natural instinct or disposition. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] He knew by kind and by no other lore. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] Some of you, on pure instinct of nature, Are led by kind t… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Kind — (k[imac]nd), a. [Compar. {Kinder} (k[imac]nd [ e]r); superl. {Kindest}.] [AS. cynde, gecynde, natural, innate, prop. an old p. p. from the root of E. kin. See {Kin} kindred.] 1. Characteristic of the species; belonging to one s nature; natural;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • kind — n 1: a particular type, category, or class properties of like kind see also like kind exchange 2 a: an unconverted form a partition of property in kind; broadly: a form other than money forbid a bribe in cash or in kind …   Law dictionary

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  • kind — n *type, sort, stripe, kidney, ilk, description, nature, character kind adj Kind, kindly, benign, benignant mean having or exhibiting a nature that is gentle, considerate, and inclined to benevolent or beneficent actions and are comparable… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

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  • Kind — can mean:* The type of types in a type system in type theory * Natural kind, in philosophy a grouping of things which is a natural grouping, not an artificial one. * KIND is the ICAO designation for Indianapolis International Airport * Created… …   Wikipedia